KUČERA, Elza (Vinkovci, 1883–Zagreb, 1972), psychologist, librarian.
She studied special psychology and philosophy in Vienna, Zagreb and Zürich, where she received her doctorate degree in psychology in 1909, becoming the first Croatian woman to ever do so. She was also the first female librarian in Croatia. From 1909 to 1944, she worked at Zagreb's University Library, serving as its Deputy Director from 1920 to 1942. She participated in the founding of the Croatian Library Association. No less active in the field of psychology, she held a private laboratory for experimental psychology, was a member of the German Association of Experimental Psychology, conducted research on emotional life at the Department of Psychology at the University of Bonn, was co-founder of the Philosophy and Psychology Review, and from 1933 to 1936 participated in practical work undertaken at the Department of Experimental Psychology in Zagreb. In Zagreb, she also initiated the organization of numerous philosophical colloquia.
WORKS: Camilla Lucerna: ein Frauenbildnis, Zagreb, 1928; Die Fragen der Gefühlspsyhologie und ihre Erklärungsmöglichkeiten, Zagreb, 1962; Die psychologischen Grundlagen der ethischen Verhaltensweisen, Göttingen, 1965.